Art-based Rehabilitation Therapy (ART) for Sensorimotor Recovery Post-stroke: A Pilot Study
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A potential strategy to increase motor repetitions is Art-based Rehabilitation Therapy (ART), a novel therapeutic intervention that has been introduced at Providence Care Hospital (PCH). The ART program acts as an adjunct to conventional therapies and works to promote upper limb sensorimotor recovery by engaging participants in task-directed, frequent, challenging activities, while augmenting overall the intensity of UL therapy. This pilot program includes a series of art lessons that begins with basic motor skills needed to draw lines and then progresses to drawing more complex objects.
We recruited over 30 individuals from PCH to assess the feasibility and potential benefits of art therapy. Feasibility was assessed by several measures (i.e. ART program completion rate, participant feedback). Secondly, we quantified the amount of movement generated during Art Therapy sessions using accelerometers on a subset of participants. sensorimotor and cognitive functions were assessed using the Kinarm robot, as well as traditional clinical measures of motor impairment (Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment, Functional Independence Measure). Preliminary results suggest that ART is an enjoyable and feasible UL therapy capable of augmenting upper limb therapy activity.